- For poverty alleviation and rural growth of a nation, rural electrification is an integral component. An effective role has not played by electricity in the socio-economic growth of the Indian villages. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is increasing but the percentage of contribution of the agriculture sector is not high due to power issues. The Indian government aims to provide electricity to each and every village in the coming few years. Some of the most effective steps include a rural electric corporation, rural electricity supply technology mission, state electricity boards and reforms in the power sector. Therefore, the role of solar energy in rural electrification in India is realised and concrete steps are being taken in this direction.
Moving rapidly towards solarization, India has opened up the avenues for energy reliance and power for all. The government is putting efforts to initiate socio-economic growth with such rapid development. However, the only way to make solarization a big success, the involvement of the entire country is a must which includes 60 per cent of India’s population that resides in the rural areas. The transformation should not be limited to metropolitan cities only. Initiatives like Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana, Saubhagya Plan, etc. brought by the Government of India have also resulted in bringing a positive change.
Role of solar energy in rural electrification in India
For illuminating the rural areas, solar power solutions like mini-grid and off-grid play an essential role. More than 500 homes, schools and businesses can be offered electricity with ease by a 50 kW solar grid with a distribution capacity of 5 KM. Therefore, it is progressive and profitable to install solar power in villages. The government should take steps in this direction and invest in solar energy products. Some of the viable options that it can support and provide for a speedy green energy transition within the rural locations include offering subsidies to diminish the burden of initial investment, simplifying approval procedure, facilitating group loans, and raising awareness. It should install solar-power grids across all villages in order to bring basic electrical power to communities.
Studies have suggested that increasing access to power targets on helping students study, boosting household incomes, improving the lives of rural people as well as providing better access to information and entertainment via television or radio.
According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, India can produce around 750,000 megawatts of solar power. Keeping in mind the existing patterns of household consumption, one megawatt can power around 1,500 rural households. Thus, it is evident that the role of solar energy in rural electrification in India is crucial.
Observing nearly 300 sunny days a year on an average, India is gifted with natural resources in huge amount. The solar radiation of 5 to 7 kWh/m2 for 300 to 330 days in a year is received here. Thus, there is a huge potential of solar energy in our country. An important role can be played by solar energy in alleviating energy poverty.
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