How Alcohol Affects the Body

Health

Drinking alcohol can have irreversible consequences for the body. Find out how our body responds to this substance and what the main effects may be.Alcohol is a widely socialized and established habit. However, it is a toxic substance for the organism. And, while it’s consumption at low doses and sporadically has rapidly reversible effects, its consumption at both high and prolonged doses has undesirable consequences on the body.

According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), the harmful consumption of alcohol annually causes more than three million deaths worldwide and is one of the causes, along with others, of 200 diseases. The European Union is the region of the world where you drink the most.

In addition to the known health consequences, alcohol consumption causes serious problems at the socio-family level. Alcohol also favors risky behaviors such as traffic accidents or risky sexual practices (sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies). The risk of suffering these damages is greater the earlier the start of consumption, which is usually in adolescence.

Consequences of drinking alcohol for the body

Alcohol causes short-term effects, acute effects of alcohol, which manifest as alcohol poisoning that can lead to coma and death in extreme cases.

Acute alcohol intoxication or “drunkenness” causes acute effects on the central nervous system. It manifests initially or mildly as euphoria, excitement, dis inhibition, and impulsive behaviors. If you continue drinking the effects of alcohol go into the intoxication phase, with impaired balance, coordination, and heat loss. More advanced phases alter the level of consciousness with confusion, sleep, lethargy, vomiting and finally the anesthetic and stupor phase.

Acute alcohol intake can also cause gastric problems such as acute gastritis or disturbances of the heart rhythm (arrhythmias), especially if mixed with other substances (drugs).

In the longer term and with chronic intake of alcohol, damages appear that are increasingly irreversible in the body.

Central Nervous System

Alcohol is especially toxic to neurons, causing permanent neural loss and injury. Also on the peripheral nerves. It is related to the development of dementia (memory loss and cognitive impairment), diseases such as Wernicke – Korsakoff syndrome and sleep and character disorders. In addition to the disorders associated with the degree of alcohol dependence (withdrawal syndrome, alcoholic encephalopathy, etc.).

Gastrointestinal system

In the digestive system it can affect any of its tracts, both its acute and chronic consumption, favoring the appearance of esophageal (esophagitis, reflux disease), gastric (gastritis, gastric bleeding), liver (liver cirrhosis) and pancreatic (acute and chronic pancreatitis). High consumption has been linked to cancer of the stomach, larynx, esophagus, and pancreas.

In addition, its continued consumption causes malnutrition problems, since it provides a large number of calories with very little nutritional value (“empty calories”) prevents the absorption of some minerals and vitamins and eliminates appetite.

Cardiovascular

Alcohol consumption causes increased cardiac activity. It can increase blood pressure causing high blood pressure. It also causes heart damage, the most typical manifestation of which is dilated cardiomyopathy, a weakening of the heart muscle that causes very serious symptoms of heart failure.

In the blood

It prevents the production of white and red blood cells, causing a type of anemia called megaloblastic and a failure in the immune system due to the decrease in white blood cells, being alcoholics more susceptible to infections.

Reproductive system

It also decreases sexual desire and can cause infertility and erectile dysfunction.

Effects of alcohol on pregnancy and fetus

Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can cause the fetus the so-called fetal alcohol syndrome, is the term used to group a large number of abnormalities that a baby can have when he has been exposed to alcohol during pregnancy. These include morphological malformations (especially craniofacial defects), stunted growth, and cognitive, behavioral, socialization, and learning disorders. For more information visit website: http://www.vtight-gel.com

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW…

  • Acute alcohol intoxication or “drunkenness” causes acute effects on the central nervous system. It manifests initially or mildly as euphoria, excitement, disinhibition, and impulsive behaviors.
  • If you continue drinking, you enter the intoxication phase, with alteration of balance, coordination, and loss of heat.
  • More advanced phases alter the level of consciousness with confusion, sleep, lethargy, vomiting and finally the anesthetic and stupor phase.